• 0
    23 Jan, 2019
    Urinary tract infection (UTI) and asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are difficult to distinguish because symptoms associated with the condition are often lacking in the geriatric population.  Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the most frequent UTI pathogen in this population which is also a common urine colonizer. In a recent study researchers hypothesized whether detecting E. coli phylogroups B2... Read more
  • 5
    23 Jan, 2019
    Hypertonic saline nasal irritation (HSNI) improved the nasal symptoms significantly as compared to the isotonic saline nasal irrigation (ISNI) in children with allergic rhinitis (AR). The recent meta-analysis revealed that HSNI was associated with a significant reduction in the use of oral anti-histamine. The researchers highlighted that HSNI might be a better alternative to ISNI in children with... Read more
  • 0
    23 Jan, 2019
    The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol designed for bariatric surgery emphasizes extensive preoperative interventions, including medical, educational, dietary, and psychological. In a recent study, researchers determined the potential factors contributing to preoperative weight loss and their influence on outcomes of bariatric surgery among patients under the ERAS protocol. The study... Read more
  • 0
    23 Jan, 2019
    In Japan, antiretroviral agents are approved on the basis of non-clinical and clinical data reported from overseas. However, evidence suggesting long term effectiveness and tolerability of raltegravir or other integrase strand transfer inhibitors in Japanese patients is unknown. In view of this, researchers conducted a study to assess the long-term tolerability and effectiveness of raltegravir in... Read more
  • 0
    22 Jan, 2019
    Acne is common among teenagers and has a negative impact on quality of life (QoL). There is an increased frequency of adult acne and acne relapses, however, the reasons for this are unknown. A recent non-interventional, real-life analysis  determining the rate of acne relapses, and its impact on quality of life and productivity (loss/absenteeism) among teenagers and adults showed that the... Read more
  • 0
    22 Jan, 2019
    Statin treatment in type-2 diabetes (T2D) patients with co-existing dyslipidemia mitigates the risk of diabetic retinopathy while cutting down the risk of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), claimed a recently published large-scale study. In fact statin treatment not only reduced the incidence of vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy but also cut down the need for subsequent procedures... Read more
  • 0
    21 Jan, 2019
    Inspiratory muscle weakness was highly prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which depended on the severity of airway obstruction and on the presence of muscular depletion. A recent cross-sectional study demonstrated important changes in the body composition and a reduced diaphragmatic mobility in the COPD patients with muscle weakness. The current study... Read more
  • 0
    21 Jan, 2019
    A retrospective study which evaluated the association between chronic rhinitis (CR) and hospital readmissions in patients of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) concluded that the risk of 30-day asthma- and COPD-related readmissions was significant in these patients. The researchers of the study suggested that the rate of early readmissions could be reduced with appropriate... Read more
  • 0
    21 Jan, 2019
    Type-1 diabetes (T1D) patients suffering with neuropathy and diabetic kidney disease have a 2.2-fold and 1.7-fold greater risk of mortality, respectively as compared to their counterparts without these complications, re-affirmed a recent study. On the contrary, the study found a very weak association between retinopathy and increased mortality in T1D patients. Presence of multiple complications... Read more
  • 0
    18 Jan, 2019
    A recent meta-analysis studying the outcomes after metabolic surgery in Asians, and to compare the outcomes of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) versus Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) suggested that RYGB results in better weight loss compared to SG. The study showed a significantly greater percentage excess weight loss (% EWL) and improvement in body mass index (BMI) after RYGB than SG. The rate of type 2... Read more
  • 0
    18 Jan, 2019
    An updated meta-analysis reported that early tracheotomy in critically ill ventilated patients was associated with superior clinical outcomes as compared to late tracheotomy. Early tracheotomy resulted in a lower incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), shorter duration of mechanical ventilation (MV), shorter duration of sedation, and shorter intensive care unit (ICU) stay than late... Read more
  • 0
    18 Jan, 2019
    An exhalation delivery system with fluticasone (EDS-FLU) was assessed in this randomized controlled trial in patients with moderate to severe chronic rhinosinusitis. The findings demonstrated that EDS-FLU significantly improved a broad range of symptoms, polyp grade, and quality of life in patients suffering from chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). This novel delivery system, aimed... Read more
  • 0
    17 Jan, 2019
    A recent retrospective nationwide study conducted in Taiwan concluded that the risk of developing benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) was higher in men with asthma than those without asthma. The study was conducted to evaluate the association between asthma and risk of BPH in men as currently there is limited data on this association. The National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in... Read more
  • 0
    17 Jan, 2019
    A recent study compared the degree of improvement in cardiometabolic risk profile in patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery to weight-stable control subjects. The results showed that patients who underwent RYGB achieved beneficial body composition. Compared to weight-stable controls, these patients showed a slightly increased insulin sensitivity, higher insulin... Read more
  • 5
    17 Jan, 2019
    The treatment outcomes in men and women with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and with a history of exacerbations were comparable with indacaterol/glycopyrronium 110/50 μg once daily (IND/GLY) and salmeterol/fluticasone 50/500 twice daily (SFC), irrespective of the gender differences in baseline characteristics. A post-hoc analysis of the FLAME... Read more