- Brain controls the functions of the body. It helps us to think, understand, speak, move & feel.
- Like all cells in our body, brain cells also require continuous supply of blood & oxygen for proper functioning.
Stroke occurs when the blood vessel which brings blood & oxygen to the brain gets blocked or ruptures & the brain cells don't get proper blood supply.
Due to lack of oxygen, brain & nerve cells can't function & die within minutes. Due to this, the part of the body they control is unable to function.
Stroke is best thought of as a "brain attack."
It is just as serious as a heart attack and requires the same, immediate medical attention attention.
Anything that can cause blockage of blood vessel or which can burst the blood vessels causing bleeding into the brain
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems
- Cholesterol build-up in the blood vessel of the neck or up brain
- Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Medical conditions, such as diabetes, which can damage the blood vessel or increase clot formation
Effects of a stroke depend on the location of brain damage & the amount of damage
They may include the following:
- Loss of movement in one side of the body
- Trouble with memory or understanding
- Trouble in swallowing
- Trouble to recollect how to do daily activities
- Trouble with speech
If you or someone with you have these signs, don't delay; immediately contact a doctor
Time lost is Brain lost
Maintain a healthy body weight
Know your numbers: Blood pressure, blood sugar & cholesterol. Keep these levels within normal range.
Avoid excessive use of alcohol
Eat healthy; include vegetables & fruits in your diet, reduce salt & fatty food intake
- Medical therapy
Medicines to dissolve the blood clot or to stopping the bleeding in brain
- It helps improve the chances of successful recovery from stroke
- This process is aimed to educate the patient to help himself overcome the loss of functions due to stroke
- It teaches the patient to manage the loss & live his life as normal as possible
- Talk to your doctor. Follow his instructions & take medicines regularly as prescribed.
- If blockage of the blood vessel caused a stroke, surgery can help
- If the blockage is less severe, blood thinning medicines can help
- If high blood pressure was the cause, use medicines to keep blood pressure under control
- Include lifestyle changes like - limit alcohol intake, stop smoking, eat a healthy diet, etc.
To reduce your risk of death or disability from stroke:
- Recognize the warning signs of a stroke so that you can seek immediate treatment
- Change certain lifestyle habits that damage the blood vessels of the body