SILOFAST Capsules (Silodosin)

Table of Content

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common progressive disease among aging men, which is associated with bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). α1-blockers, are commonly used as first-line treatment as α1-blocker therapy leads to rapid improvement in LUTS.

α1-Blockers act by relaxing prostate smooth muscle and decreasing urethral resistance, thereby, relieving LUTS and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO).

3 unique α1-adrenoreceptor (AR) subtypes (α1A, 1B, and α1D) have been identified. The α1A-AR subtype predominates in the human prostate and urethra whereas the α1B- AR subtype is expressed in the peripheral vasculature. Thus the greatest safety concern associated with the use of alpha1- blockers is the occurrence of vasodilatory symptoms such as dizziness and orthostatic hypotension resulting from inhibition of α1B- AR subtype in the systemic vasculature.

Silodosin is a highly selective α1A- blocker with 583 fold affinity for α1A-AR subtype than that for α1B-AR subtype. Higher α1A - selectivity minimizes the propensity for blood pressure–related adverse effects mediated by α1B blockade.

Silodosin has been shown in clinical trials to have rapid onset of action with significant improvement in international prostate symptom score (IPSS) occurring as early as 3-4 days and peak urinary flow rate as early as 2-6 hours after first dose. It has also been shown to provide consistent and significant improvement in nocturia in men with LUTS suggestive of BPH. None of the α-blockers investigated to date has shown consistent nocturia reduction, one possible explanation for this relates to the unprecedented degree of α1A-selectivity of silodosin. Extensive long-term exposure for up to 1 year has shown that the drug is safe and well-tolerated and was associated with low incidence of orthostatic hypotension and dizziness.

SILOFAST (Silodosin), a selective alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, is indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of BPH. SILOFAST capsules are not indicated for the treatment of hypertension. The recommended dose of SILOFAST is 8 mg, which is to be taken orally once-daily with a meal.

Composition

SILOFAST-4 Capsules

Each hard gelatin capsule contains:

Silodosin …… 4 mg

Approved colours used in capsule shell

SILOFAST-8 Capsules

Each hard gelatin capsule contains:

Silodosin …… 8 mg

Approved colours used in capsule shell

Dosage Form

Capsule

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics

Mechanism of Action

Silodosin is a selective antagonist of post-synaptic alpha1-adrenoreceptors, which are located in the human prostate, bladder base, bladder neck, prostatic capsule and prostatic urethra. Blockade of these alpha1-adrenoreceptors can cause smooth muscle in these tissues to relax, resulting in an improvement in urine flow and a reduction in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms.

An in vitro study examining the binding affinity of silodosin to the three subtypes of the alpha1-adrenoreceptors (alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D) was conducted. The results of the study demonstrated that silodosin binds with high affinity to the alpha1A subtype.

Orthostatic Effects

A test for postural hypotension was conducted 2 to 6 hours after the first dose in two 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies. After the patient had been at rest in a supine position for 5 minutes, the patient was asked to stand. Blood pressure and heart rate were assessed at 1 minute and 3 minutes after standing. A positive result was defined as a >30 mm Hg decrease in systolic blood pressure, or a >20 mm Hg decrease in diastolic blood pressure, or a >20 bpm increase in heart rate.

Table 1: Summary of Orthostatic Test Results in 12-week, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials

Time of Measurement

Test Result

Silodosin

N=466   

n (%)

Placebo

N=457      

n (%)

1 minute after standing

Negative

Positive

459 (98.7)

6 (1.3)

454 (99.6)

2 (0.4)

3 minutes after standing

Negative

Positive

456 (98.1)

9 (1.9)

454 (99.6)

2 (0.4)

Cardiac Electrophysiology

The effect of silodosin on QT interval was evaluated in a double-blind, randomized, active-(moxifloxacin) and placebo-controlled, parallel-group study in 189 healthy male subjects aged 18 to 45 years. Subjects received silodosin 8 mg, silodosin 24 mg, or placebo once daily for 5 days, or a single dose of moxifloxacin 400 mg on day 5 only. The 24 mg dose of silodosin was selected to achieve blood levels of silodosin that may be seen in a ‘worst-case’ scenario exposure (i.e. in the setting of concomitant renal disease or use of strong cytochrome (CY) P3A4 inhibitors). QT interval was measured during a 24-hour period following dosing on day 5 (at silodosin steady state).

Silodosin was not associated with an increase in individual corrected (QTcI) QT interval at any time during steady state measurement, while moxifloxacin, the active control, was associated with a maximum 9.59 msec increase in QTcI.

There has been no signal of Torsade de Pointes in the post-marketing experience with silodosin outside the United States.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of silodosin have been evaluated in adult male subjects with doses ranging from 0.1 mg to 24 mg per day. The pharmacokinetics of silodosin are linear throughout this dosage range.

Absorption:

The pharmacokinetic characteristics of silodosin 8 mg once daily were determined in a multi-dose, open-label, 7-day pharmacokinetic study completed in 19 healthy, target-aged (≥45 years of age) male subjects. Table 2 presents the steady state pharmacokinetics of this study.

Table 2: Mean (±SD) Steady-State Pharmacokinetic Parameters in Healthy Males Following Silodosin 8 mg Once Daily with Food

Cmax (ng/mL)

tmax (hours)

t1/2 (hours)

AUCss (ng•hr/mL)

61.6 ± 27.54

2.6 ± 0.90

13.3 ± 8.07

373.4 ± 164.94

Cmax = maximum concentration, tmax = time to reach Cmax, t1/2 = elimination half-life, AUCss = steady-state area under the concentration-time curve

The absolute bioavailability is approximately 32%.

Food Effect: The maximum effect of food (i.e. co-administration with a high-fat, high-calorie meal) on the pharmacokinetics of silodosin was not evaluated. The effect of a moderate-fat, moderate-calorie meal was variable and decreased silodosin Cmax by approximately 18 to 43% and exposure AUC by 4 to 49% across three different studies.

In a single-center, open-label, single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover study in twenty healthy male subjects age 21 to 43 years under fed conditions, a study was conducted to evaluate the relative bioavailability of the contents of an 8 mg capsule of silodosin sprinkled on applesauce compared to the product administered as an intact capsule. Based on AUC0-24 and Cmax, silodosin administered by sprinkling the contents of a silodosin capsule onto a tablespoonful of applesauce was found to be bioequivalent to administering the capsule whole.

Distribution:

Silodosin has an apparent volume of distribution of 49.5 L and is approximately 97% protein-bound.

Metabolism:

Silodosin undergoes extensive metabolism through glucuronidation, alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase, and cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) pathways. The main metabolite of silodosin is a glucuronide conjugate (KMD-3213G) that is formed via the direct conjugation of silodosin by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7). Co-administration with inhibitors of UGT2B7 (e.g., probenecid, valproic acid, fluconazole) may potentially increase exposure to silodosin. KMD-3213G, which has been shown in vitro to be active, has an extended half-life (approximately 24 hours) and reaches plasma exposure (AUC) approximately four times greater than that of silodosin. The second major metabolite (KMD-3293) is formed via alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenases and reaches plasma exposures similar to that of silodosin. KMD-3293 is not expected to contribute significantly to the overall pharmacologic activity of silodosin.

Excretion:

Following oral administration of 14C-labeled silodosin, the recovery of radioactivity after 10 days was approximately 33.5% in the urine and 54.9% in the faeces. After intravenous administration, the plasma clearance of silodosin was approximately 10 L/hour.

Pharmacokinetics in Special Populations

Race: No clinical studies specifically investigating the effects of race have been performed.

Geriatric: In a study comparing 12 geriatric males (mean age, 69 years) and 9 young males (mean age, 24 years), the exposure (AUC) and elimination half-life of silodosin were approximately 15% and 20%, respectively, greater in geriatric than young subjects. No difference in the Cmax of silodosin was observed.

Paediatric: Silodosin has not been evaluated in patients less than 18 years of age.

Renal Impairment: In a study with 6 subjects with moderate renal impairment, the total silodosin (bound and unbound) AUC, Cmax, and elimination half-life were 3.2-, 3.1-, and 2-fold higher, respectively, compared with 7 subjects with normal renal function. The unbound silodosin AUC and Cmax were 2.0- and 1.5-fold higher, respectively, in subjects with moderate renal impairment compared with the normal controls.

In controlled and uncontrolled clinical studies, the incidence of orthostatic hypotension and dizziness was greater in subjects with moderate renal impairment treated with 8 mg silodosin daily than in subjects with normal or mildly impaired renal function

Hepatic Impairment: In a study comparing 9 male patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh scores 7 to 9), with 9 healthy male subjects, the single-dose pharmacokinetic disposition of silodosin was not significantly altered in the patients with moderate hepatic impairment. No dosing adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. The pharmacokinetics of silodosin in patients with severe hepatic impairment has not been studied.

Drug Interactions

Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 Inhibitors

Two clinical drug interaction studies were conducted in which a single oral dose of silodosin was co-administered with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, ketoconazole, at doses of 400 mg and 200 mg, respectively, once daily for 4 days. Co-administration of 8 mg silodosin with 400 mg ketoconazole led to 3.8-fold increase in silodosin Cmax and 3.2-fold increase in AUC. Co-administration of 4 mg silodosin with 200 mg ketoconazole led to similar increases: 3.7- and 2.9-fold in silodosin Cmax and AUC, respectively. Silodosin is contraindicated with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors.

The effect of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of silodosin has not been evaluated. Due to the potential for increased exposure to silodosin, caution should be exercised when co-administering silodosin with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors, particularly those that also inhibit P-glycoprotein (e.g., verapamil, erythromycin).

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) Inhibitors

In vitro studies indicated that silodosin is a P-gp substrate. A drug interaction study with a strong P-gp inhibitor has not been conducted. However, in drug interaction studies with ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor that also inhibits P-gp, significant increase in exposure to silodosin was observed. Inhibition of P-gp may lead to increased silodosin concentration. Silodosin is not recommended in patients taking strong P-gp inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine).

Digoxin

The effect of silodosin on the pharmacokinetics of digoxin was evaluated in a multiple dose, single-sequence, crossover study of 16 healthy males, aged 18 to 45 years. A loading dose of digoxin was administered as 0.5 mg twice daily for one day. Following the loading doses, digoxin (0.25 mg once daily) was administered alone for seven days and then concomitantly with silodosin 4 mg twice a day for the next seven days. No significant differences in digoxin AUC and Cmax were observed when digoxin was administered alone or concomitantly with silodosin.

Other Metabolic Enzymes and Transporters

In vitro studies indicated that silodosin administration is not likely to inhibit the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, and CYP3A4 or induce the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP3A4, and P-gp.

Indications

SILOFAST, a selective alpha1-adrenergic receptor antagonist, is indicated for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of BPH.

SILOFAST capsules are not indicated for the treatment of hypertension.

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dose is 8 mg, which is to be taken orally once daily with a meal.

Patients who have difficulty swallowing pills and capsules may carefully open the silodosin capsule and sprinkle the powder inside on a tablespoonful of applesauce. The applesauce should be swallowed immediately (within 5 minutes) without chewing and followed with an 8 oz glass of cool water to ensure complete swallowing of the powder. The applesauce used should not be hot, and it should be soft enough to be swallowed without chewing. Any powder/applesauce mixture should be used immediately (within 5 minutes) and not stored for future use. Subdividing the contents of a silodosin capsule is not recommended.

Special Populations

Renal Impairment

Silodosin is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment (CCr <30 mL/min). In patients with moderate renal impairment (CCr: 30 to 50 mL/min), the dose should be reduced to 4 mg once daily taken with a meal. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild renal impairment (CCr 50 to 80 mL/min).

Hepatic Impairment

Silodosin has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score ≥10) and is therefore contraindicated in these patients. No dosage adjustment is needed in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment.

Contraindications

  • Severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min).
  • Severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score ≥10).
  • Concomitant administration with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole, clarithromycin, itraconazole, ritonavir).
  • Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to silodosin or any of the ingredients of SILOFAST

Warnings and Precautions

Pharmacokinetic Drug-Drug Interactions

In a drug interaction study, co-administration of a single 8 mg dose of silodosin with 400 mg ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, caused a 3.8-fold increase in maximum plasma silodosin concentrations and 3.2-fold increase in silodosin exposure (i.e., AUC). Concomitant use of ketoconazole or other strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g., itraconazole, clarithromycin, ritonavir) is therefore contraindicated

Pharmacodynamic Drug-Drug Interactions

The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and other alpha-blockers have not been determined. However, interactions may be expected, and silodosin should not be used in combination with other alpha-blockers.

A specific pharmacodynamic interaction study between silodosin and antihypertensive agents has not been performed. However, patients in the Phase 3 clinical studies taking concomitant antihypertensive medications with silodosin did not experience a significant increase in the incidence of syncope, dizziness, or orthostasis. Nevertheless, exercise caution during concomitant use with antihypertensives and monitor patients for possible adverse events.

Caution is also advised when alpha-adrenergic blocking agents including silodosin are co-administered with PDE5 inhibitors. Alpha-adrenergic blockers and PDE5 inhibitors are both vasodilators that can lower blood pressure. Concomitant use of these two drug classes can potentially cause symptomatic hypotension.

Drug Interactions

Moderate and Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors

Two clinical drug interaction studies were conducted in which a single oral dose of silodosin was co-administered with the strong CYP3A4 inhibitor, ketoconazole, at doses of 400 mg and 200 mg, respectively, once daily for 4 days. Co-administration of 8 mg silodosin with 400 mg ketoconazole led to a 3.8-fold increase in the silodosin Cmax and a 3.2-fold increase in the AUC. Co-administration of 4 mg silodosin with 200 mg ketoconazole led to similar increases: 3.7- and 2.9-fold in the silodosin Cmax and AUC, respectively. Use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors such as itraconazole or ritonavir may cause plasma concentrations of silodosin to increase. Concomitant administration of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and silodosin is contraindicated.

The effect of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of silodosin has not been evaluated. Concomitant administration with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. diltiazem, erythromycin, verapamil) may increase the concentration of silodosin. Exercise caution and monitor patients for adverse events when co-administering silodosin with moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors particularly those that also inhibit P-glycoprotein (e.g. verapamil, erythromycin).

Strong P-glycoprotein (P-gp) Inhibitors

In vitro studies indicated that silodosin is a P-gp substrate. Ketoconazole, a CYP3A4 inhibitor that also inhibits P-gp, caused significant increase in exposure to silodosin. Inhibition of P-gp may lead to increased silodosin concentration. Silodosin is not recommended in patients taking strong P-gp inhibitors such as cyclosporine.

Digoxin

The effect of co-administration of silodosin and digoxin 0.25 mg/day for 7 days was evaluated in a clinical trial in 16 healthy males, aged 18 to 45 years. Concomitant administration of silodosin and digoxin did not significantly alter the steady state pharmacokinetics of digoxin. No dose adjustment is required.

Alpha-Blockers

The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and other alpha-blockers have not been determined. However, interactions may be expected and silodosin should not be used in combination with other alpha-blockers.

PDE5 Inhibitors

Co-administration of silodosin with a single dose of 100 mg sildenafil or 20 mg tadalafil was evaluated in a placebo-controlled clinical study that included 24 healthy male subjects, 45 to 78 years of age. Orthostatic vital signs were monitored in the 12-hour period following concomitant dosing. During this period, the total number of positive orthostatic test results was greater in the group receiving silodosin plus a PDE5 inhibitor compared with silodosin alone. No events of symptomatic orthostasis or dizziness were reported in subjects receiving silodosin with a PDE5 inhibitor.

Other Concomitant Drug Therapy

Antihypertensives

The pharmacodynamic interactions between silodosin and antihypertensives have not been rigorously investigated in a clinical study. However, approximately one-third of the patients in clinical studies used concomitant antihypertensive medications with silodosin. The incidence of dizziness and orthostatic hypotension in these patients was higher than in the general silodosin population (4.6% versus 3.8% and 3.4% versus 3.2%, respectively). Caution should be exercised during concomitant use with antihypertensives and patients should be monitored for possible adverse events.

Metabolic Interactions

In vitro data indicate that silodosin does not have the potential to inhibit or induce cytochrome P450 enzyme systems.

Food Interactions

The effect of a moderate fat, moderate calorie meal on silodosin pharmacokinetics was variable and decreased silodosin maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) by approximately 18 to 43% and exposure (AUC) by 4 to 49% across three different studies. Safety and efficacy clinical trials for silodosin were always conducted in the presence of food intake. Patients should be instructed to take silodosin with a meal to reduce risk of adverse events.

Renal Impairment

In a clinical pharmacology study, plasma concentrations (AUC and Cmax) of silodosin were approximately three times higher in subjects with moderate renal impairment compared with subjects with normal renal function, while half-lives of silodosin doubled in duration. The dose of silodosin should be reduced to 4 mg in patients with moderate renal impairment. Exercise caution and monitor such patients for adverse events. Silodosin is contraindicated in patients with severe renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

In a study comparing 9 male patients with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh scores 7 to 9), to 9 healthy male subjects, the single dose pharmacokinetics of silodosin we\re not significantly altered in patients with hepatic impairment. No dosing adjustment is required in patients with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. Silodosin has not been tested in patients with severe hepatic impairment, and therefore, should not be prescribed to such patients.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category B

Silodosin is not indicated for use in women.

An embryo/fetal study in rabbits showed decreased maternal body weight at 200 mg/kg/day (approximately 13 to 25 times the maximum recommended human exposure or MRHE of silodosin via AUC). No statistically significant teratogenicity was observed at this dose.

Silodosin was not teratogenic when administered to pregnant rats during organogenesis at 1000 mg/kg/day (estimated to be approximately 20 times the MRHE). No maternal or fetal effects were observed at this dose. Rats and rabbits do not produce glucuronidated silodosin, which is present in human serum at approximately 4 times the level of circulating silodosin and which has similar pharmacological activity to silodosin.

No effects on physical or behavioral development of offspring were observed when rats were treated during pregnancy and lactation at up to 300 mg/kg/day.

Lactation

Silodosin capsules are not indicated for use in women

Paediatric Use

Silodosin is not indicated for use in paediatric patients. Safety and effectiveness in paediatric patients have not been established.

Geriatric Use

In double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week clinical studies of silodosin, 259 (55.6%) patients were below 65 years of age, 207 (44.4%) patients were 65 years of age and over, while 60 (12.9%) patients were 75 years of age and over. Orthostatic hypotension was reported in 2.3% of silodosin patients less than 65 years of age (1.2% for placebo), 2.9% of silodosin patients 65 years of age and over (1.9% for placebo), and 5.0% of patients 75 years of age and over (0% for placebo). There were otherwise no significant differences in safety or effectiveness between older and younger patients.

General

Orthostatic Effects

Postural hypotension, with or without symptoms (e.g. dizziness) may develop when beginning silodosin treatment. As with other alpha-blockers, there is potential for syncope. Patients should be cautioned about driving, operating machinery or performing hazardous tasks when initiating therapy.

Carcinoma of the prostate

Carcinoma of the prostate and BPH cause many of the same symptoms. These two diseases frequently co-exist. Therefore, prior to starting therapy with silodosin, patients thought to have BPH should be examined to rule out the presence of carcinoma of the prostate.

Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome

Intraoperative Floppy Iris Syndrome has been observed during cataract surgery in some patients on alpha-1 blockers or previously treated with alpha-1 blockers. This variant of small pupil syndrome is characterized by the combination of a flaccid iris that billows in response to intraoperative irrigation currents; progressive intraoperative miosis despite pre-operative dilation with standard mydriatic drugs; and potential prolapse of the iris toward the phacoemulsification incisions. Patients planning cataract surgery should be advised to inform their ophthalmologist that they are taking silodosin.

Laboratory Test Interactions

No laboratory test interactions were observed during clinical evaluations. Treatment with silodosin for up to 52 weeks had no significant effect on the prostate-specific antigen (PSA).

Undesirable Effects

Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

In U.S. clinical trials, 897 patients with BPH were exposed to 8 mg silodosin daily. This includes 486 patients exposed for 6 months and 168 patients exposed for 1 year. The population was 44 to 87 years of age, and predominantly Caucasian. Of these patients, 42.8% were 65 years of age or older and 10.7% were 75 years of age or older.

In double-blind, placebo-controlled, 12-week clinical trials, 466 patients were administered silodosin and 457 patients were administered placebo. At least one treatment-emergent adverse reaction was reported by 55.2% of silodosin-treated patients (36.8% for placebo-treated). The majority (72.1%) of adverse reactions for the silodosin-treated patients (59.8% for placebo-treated) were qualified by the investigator as mild. A total of 6.4% of silodosin-treated patients (2.2% for placebo-treated) discontinued therapy due to an adverse reaction (treatment-emergent), the most common reaction being retrograde ejaculation (2.8%) for silodosin-treated patients. Retrograde ejaculation is reversible upon discontinuation of treatment.

Adverse Reactions Observed in At Least 2% of Patients

The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse reactions listed in the following table were derived from two 12-week, multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies of silodosin 8 mg daily in BPH patients. Adverse reactions that occurred in at least 2% of patients treated with silodosin and more frequently than with placebo are shown in Table 3.

Table 3: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥2% of Patients in 12-week, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trials

Adverse Reactions

 

Silodosin

N=466

n (%)

 

 

 

 

n (%)

 

Placebo

 N=457

n (%)

 

Retrograde ejaculation

131 (28.1)

 

4 (0.9)

 

Dizziness

 

15 (3.2)

 

5 (1.1)

 

Diarrhoea

 

12 (2.6)

 

6 (1.3)

 

Orthostatic hypotension

 

12 (2.6)

 

7 (1.5)

 

Headache

 

11 (2.4)

 

4 (0.9)

 

Nasopharyngitis

 

11 (2.4)

 

10 (2.2)

 

Nasal congestion

 

10 (2.1)

 

1 (0.2)

 

In the above clinical trials, the following adverse events were also reported by between 1% and 2% of patients receiving silodosin and occurred more frequently than with placebo: insomnia, PSA increased, sinusitis, abdominal pain, asthenia and rhinorrhoea. One case of syncope in a patient taking prazosin concomitantly and one case of priapism were reported in the silodosin treatment group.

In a 9-month open-label safety study of silodosin, one case of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome was reported.

Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of silodosin. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure:

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: Toxic skin eruption, purpura, skin rash, pruritus and urticaria.

Hepatobiliary Disorders: Jaundice, impaired hepatic function associated with increased transaminase values.

Immune System Disorders: Allergic-type reactions, not limited to skin reactions, including swollen tongue and pharyngeal oedema, resulting in serious outcomes.

If you experience any side-effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or write to drugsafety@cipla.com. You can also report side effects directly via the national pharmacovigilance program of India by calling on 1800 180 3024.

By reporting side-effects, you can help provide more information on the safety of this product.

Overdosage

Silodosin was evaluated at doses of up to 48 mg/day in healthy male subjects. The dose-limiting adverse event was postural hypotension.

Should overdose of silodosin lead to hypotension, support of the cardiovascular system is of first importance. Restoration of blood pressure and normalization of heart rate may be accomplished by maintaining the patient in the supine position. If this measure is inadequate, administration of intravenous fluid should be considered. If necessary, vasopressors could be used, and renal function should be monitored and supported as needed. Dialysis is unlikely to be of significant benefit since silodosin is highly (97%) protein-bound.

Storage and Handling Instructions

Store below 30°C. Protect from light and moisture.

Packaging Information

SILOFAST-4: Blister pack of 15 capsules

SILOFAST-8: Blister pack of 15 capsules

Information for Patients

Patients should be instructed to take silodosin once daily with a meal.

Patients should be instructed about the possible occurrence of symptoms related to postural hypotension (such as dizziness), and should be cautioned about driving, operating machinery, or performing hazardous tasks until they know how silodosin will affect them. This is especially important for those with low blood pressure or who are taking antihypertensive medications.

The most common side effect seen with silodosin is an orgasm with reduced or no semen. This side effect does not pose a safety concern and is reversible with discontinuation of the product.

The patient should be instructed to tell his ophthalmologist about the use of silodosin before cataract surgery or other procedures involving the eyes, even if the patient is no longer taking silodosin.

Last updated: October 2018

Last reviewed: October 2018