Diabetes is a condition in which the level of glucose (or sugar) in blood is higher than normal.
Now, why should there be any glucose at all in blood?
Our body gets energy from the food we eat. When this food is digested, it enters our blood in the form of glucose. Just as a car needs petrol, every cell needs this glucose to work properly.
However, cells need the help of a hormone called insulin to use glucose to produce energy. This insulin is produced by the pancreas, an organ that lies under the stomach.
One or more of the following symptoms may indicate diabetes.
Some patients with diabetes do not show any symptoms. Hence regular health check-ups are important
Certain factors make some people more likely to develop diabetes. These are some of the risk factors:
When the glucose level in blood remains high for a long period of time, it can cause serious damage to the vital organs of the body as seen below:
The goal of diabetes treatment is to keep the sugar level within normal limits at all times. It should not become too high nor should it fall too low. There are three methods to bring your diabetes under control: Diet, Exercise and Medication
When you exercise, your muscles need extra energy and they take this by using up the glucose from the blood.
This reduces the glucose in the blood. Your doctor will ask you to take up some daily exercise like walking, running etc.
All people with Type 1 diabetes need to take regular insulin injections because in their case, the body does not make enough or no insulin. People with Type 2 diabetes may also need to take these injections but are usually treated with pills. These pills help to control blood pressure, cholesterol and, of course, blood glucose. Take the right dose of your diabetes medicines at the same time each day.